What is the definition of Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a condition in which the nervous system and the other parts of the body are controlled by the nerves. Symptoms start slowly. The first symptom is a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are typical, but the disorder also causes stiffness and slowing movement. The condition is not curable, but there are many different treatment options. If you are looking for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, then meet the best neurologist in Punjab

What is the definition of Parkinson’s disease? 

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder that is caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the part of the brain called the substantia nigra, which controls movement. These nerve cells die or become impaired, losing the ability to produce an important dopamine chemical.

Cause of Parkinson’s disease. 

There are several reasons that are responsible for Parkinson’s disease. 

  • Genes: Researchers have identified specific genetic changes that can cause Parkinson’s disease. But these are uncommon except in rare cases with many family members affected by Parkinson’s disease.
  • Environmental triggers: Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk of later Parkinson’s disease, but the risk is small.
  • Presence of Lewy bodies: Clumps of specific substances within brain cells are microscopic markers of Parkinson’s disease. These are called Lewy bodies, and researchers believe these Lewy bodies hold an essential clue to the cause of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Alpha-synuclein found within Lewy bodies: Many substances are found within Lewy bodies, scientists believe that an important one is the natural and widespread protein called alpha-synuclein, also called a-synuclein.           
  • Medications: Several medications can cause a parkinsonism-like effect. The Parkinson’s-like effects are often temporary if you stop taking the medication that caused them before the effects become permanent. However, the effects can linger for weeks or even months after you stop taking the medication.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

During Parkinson’s disease, people experience different symptoms.             

  • Stiff muscles: You can have muscle stiffness anywhere in your body. Your range of motion is restricted and unpleasant due to the stiff muscles.
  • Faulty balance and posture: You might start to slouch. Parkinson’s disease may cause you to stumble or lose your equilibrium.
  • Loss of movement that comes naturally: Your capacity to make involuntary gestures, such as smiling, blinking, or waving your arms while walking, may have diminished.
  • Speech varies: You can slur your words, speak slowly or rapidly, or hesitate to say anything. Your speech might contain different speech patterns; instead, it might be more varied.
  • Composing modifications: Writing could get challenging, and your writing could look cramped.

 

Treatment of Parkinson’s disease for the future

There are different treatment plans for Parkinson’s disease. 

Medicines: Different types of drugs that are beneficial for treating Parkinson’s disease. 

  • Adding dopamine: Medications like levodopa can increase the available levels of dopamine in your brain. 
  • Stimulating dopamine: Dopamine agonists are medications that have a dopamine-like effect. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that causes cells to act a certain way when a dopamine molecule latches onto them. 

Experimental treatments

  • Stem cell transplants: These add new dopamine-using neurons into your brain to take over for damaged ones.
  • Neuron-repair treatments repair damaged neurons and encourage new neurons to form.
  • Gene therapies and gene-targeted treatments: These treatments target specific mutations that cause Parkinson’s disease.

 To treat Parkinson’s disease, contact the best Neurosurgeon in Ludhiana at the Neurociti Hospital.

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