What is Parkinson’s Diseases and Treatment

PARKINSON’S DISEASES

Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder affecting the nervous system. Parkinson’s disease impacts the person’s controlling system and causes loss of ability, like shaking the body. Its symptoms show low dopamine levels in the brain, which causes loss of sense of smell and the nervous system. There are some signs of having Parkinson’s disease, which include shaking legs and hands, loss of controlling ability, sleeping problems, mood changes, and depression, etc. Parkinson’s disease does not belong to a genetic disease. It’s a combination of environmental factors and genetics. If you are experiencing such signs, consult the best neurologist Ludhiana

DIAGNOSIS

Parkinson’s disease is easy to find according to signs or symptoms. There are not so many tests like blood. Only scan a brain and check medical history.  Doctor examines the disease and prescribes medicine. If the problems still persist, doctors recommend surgery, But brain scans are not very useful in finding Parkinson’s disease. Sometimes Parkinson’s disease diagnosis takes time. A doctor recommends following a regular appointment after they discover a condition. Consult the best neurosurgeon Ludhiana to help cure a disease. 

TREATMENT

PARKINSON’s disease is controlled by medicine but not fully cured. Doctors suggest a healthy life change routine lifestyle, exercise, and physical therapy to reduce stress. It helps to control the nervous system if, in case advanced, they suggest surgery.  

MEDICATION

Low dopamine is the cause of Parkinson’s disease. Dopamine cant take it directly. That is why doctors suggest some medicine that helps to relieve the symptoms and increase the dopamine in the brain. Dopamine can indirectly enter the brain.

Carbidopa and levodopa 

Who suffer from Parkinson’s disease, levodopa is the best medicine for this disease. Levodopa directly enters the brain and is converted to dopamine. This medicine helps to manage those symptoms. And they have some side effects like nausea and light headaches. Carbidopa and levodopa combine medicine to relieve the effect of dose after surgery, and doctors suggest a small quantity can have a good impact on the brain. If you have an empty stomach, it’s beneficial in Parkinson’s disease. 

COMT Inhibitors 

When you take levodopa medicine, a catechol O methyltransferase inhibitor, a chemical releases a chemical called catechol O methyltransferase. COMT uses levodopa, which works effectively in the brain 

monoamine oxidase B  inhibitors 

It helps dopamine to work and breaks the chemical. It has side effects like dizziness, fainting, stomach pain, and nausea. 

SURGICAL PROCEDURE 

Doctors suggest surgery to control the symptoms if the medicine does not work effectively. Parkinson’s disease sometimes needs surgical procedure to improve the quality of life—surgery like deep brain stimulation and transplantation. Dopamine helps balance brain chemicals and restore cells. After surgery, they control all abilities and relieve those symptoms for a long time. 

Deep brain stimulation

Deep brain stimulation is part of surgery. This surgery relieves symptoms but is not very useful to cure Parkinson’s disease. Surgeons insert a thin metal wire in the brain and send an electrical pulse in the wire to the brain. It helps to reduce the symptoms that negatively impact surgery, like infection and brain hemorrhage. Deep brain surgery helps to stabilize a medicine reaction and improve ability.

 Complementary treatment 

Complementary treatment is like physical therapy or activity. It’s an alternative therapy to help reduce symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, like meditation herbs and healthy food, and the right medicine to improve quality of life. 

 Parkinson’s disease is a brain disease that affects individuals quality of life. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, such as shaking hands and legs, you can seek help at Neurociti Hospital.

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