Do you know?
What is Back Pain?
According to stats, around 80% of the population experience back pain at some point in their lives. In some cases, back pain can occur when you try to lift something heavy or due to age there can be issues.
How does the back work?
In the most lower part of the back, some bones are linked to each other and there is no disc in-between. On both sides of the spine, small joints are present which are known as facet joints.
The spinal cord is connected with the brain which goes through the skull & the rest of the body through the nerves. In medical terms, these nerves are known as nerve roots. In all, the structure is extremely strong.
What are the symptoms of back pain?
- Problem urinating
- Weakness and numbness in the legs
- Weight loss
Along with back pain, sometimes leg pain can occur as the pain reaches the leg. However, back pain is referred to as chronic when it does not go away within 12 weeks. Some of the common symptoms which can experience are:
What are the causes of back and leg pain?
- Strain: Back pain can trigger due to tension, injury, or strain, some of the main causes are damaged disks, muscle spasm, strained muscles, fractures, lifting something heavy/incorrectly, and making awkward movements.
- Structural problems: Structural issues can also result in back pain like sciatica, arthritis, abnormal curvature of the spine, ruptured disks, bulging disks, arthritis, kidney problem, and osteoporosis.
- Movement and posture: The work you do daily can also result in back pain. Some of the reasons for that are twisting, muscle tension, over-stretching, pulling, bending awkwardly, muscle tension, sneezing, standing/lifting for a long time, straining the neck forward, driving for a long time, and sleeping on a mattress which is not right.
Are there any risk factors for back pain?
- Your job environment
- Genetic factors
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Poor physical fitness
- Older age
- Medical conditions, such as arthritis and cancer
- Obesity and excess weight
- Strenuous physical exercise or work, especially if done incorrectly
How is back pain diagnosed?
What are the tests done to diagnose back pain?
- Due to a bad fall, my back is injured.
- The doctor suspects back pain is due to another issue
- Pain has lasted for more than normal.
The doctor will diagnose your condition through CT scan, MRI scan, X-rays, bone scans, and EMG.
What are the measures to prevent back pain?
- Exercise: Make sure that you exercise daily to increase your strength and this allows you to function better.
- Strengthen the core: You need to strengthen the core with back & abdominal back muscles. Make sure to consider these to build flexibility and strength.
- Healthy weight is important: You need to make sure that you maintain a healthy and correct posture. Be it you are walking, sitting, standing, or bending, you need to be careful.
- Do not sit in the same position: Make sure neither you sit nor stand in one position for a long time. It is better to change that frequently.
- Do not lift something heavy: You need to avoid lifting the heavy objects as they will put pressure on the back and legs.
If your back pain or leg pain is limiting you to do your daily task, then book the initial consultation at the earliest. When you can live without leg pain, then why do you need to bother yourself? Get the treatment started on time and live a better life.